Lublin Region of Poland lies on the eastern border of the European Union.
It directly borders with Ukraine and Belarus.
Through the region of Lublin, the most important transcontinental road routes and railways – from Brussels, Berlin, and Warsaw to Moscow, Kiev, and Odessa – are passing.
This is one of the greatest strengths of this region.
Great importance for shipping goods on the route between Asia and Europe has LHS (or Broad Gauge Metallurgy Line) rail road.
Lublin, with its four public universities, polytechnic and several private colleges and universities, is one of the largest academic centers of the country.
At 20 universities and colleges throughout the region, more than 100 thousand students acquire knowledge.
Thousands of young people from Ukraine, Belarus, but also from Taiwan and continental China, Kazakhstan, and other Asian countries, benefit from the offer of Lublin universities.
The economy of Lublin region is based on agriculture.
The region has excellent soil conditions and mild climate.
Clean soil, pure water and unpolluted air favour the production of excellent, healthy food.
Lublin region is also attractive due to varied landscapes.
Here you can meet beautiful forests, picturesque rivers, lakes and ponds, and also gentle hills of Lublin Upland.
Lublin region is located on the border between the different East-European and West-European cultures.
It has many places and monuments associated with various cultures and religions.
The most important of them is Zamość – an ideal city of the Renaissance, now on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.
We want to give you an attractive presentation of Lublin region.
We will show you the land located in the heart of Europe; and we hope that you will become interested by its diversity and beauty.
The Lubelskie Region
The capital of the Region is Lublin which counts about 335 thousand inhabitants.
The beautiful Old Town deserves special attention.
Lublin region is located between two rivers - the Vistula and the Bug. Vistula is the largest river in Poland. The Bug river here is the border between Poland and Ukraine with Belarus.These are also the limits of the European Union. Bug is one of the last unregulated rivers in Europe. Numerous bends and coastal vegetation make the river Bug a great tourist attraction, not only within Poland. Lublin region can be called the Green Land, because the economy is dominated by agriculture and everywhere extend cultivated fields, forests and meadows.
One piece of evidence for the uniqueness of this part of Europe is its architecture. One such phenomenon is called: “Lublin Renaissance [style]”.This style of architecture started in the seventeenth century and is most common in Catholic churches. In many respects it resembles the Italian Renaissance, as it came from Italy. Elements of other styles of architecture of Eastern and Western Europe can also be seen in palaces and churches.
Lublin Region covers an area of 25 thousand sq km (8% of the territory of Poland). It is the third biggest region. In the region there live 2.2 million people (6% of the population of Poland). By population, it is the 7th region, out of 16. The majority, or 53% of the inhabitants live in the villages, and the whole region has a low population density – 87 people per sq km (with the national average – 122 people per sq km). FŁT Kraśnik S.A. is the first company which started production of bearings in Poland, in 1948. In recent years the state enterprise was transformed into a functioning joint stock company. In 2013 FŁT was acquired by Tri-Ring Group Corporation of China. It has been the largest investment of the Chinese capital in Poland. There is a Chair of Sinology at the John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin. It is the third university center in Poland with such an offer.
Sinology as a separate study programme is something new here, but the tradition of Chinese and Far-Eastern Studies in Lublin is decades long. The university not only gives the opportunity to learn the Chinese Mandarin language, but also has a wide offer of classes in Chinese culture, philosophy, literature, and history.
|Translated by: Maciej St. Zięba,
Claire Zhenxu Fan
波蘭文譯者 / 檢馬奇﹑範貞序
波兰文译者 / 检马奇﹑范贞序
The Renaissance of Lublin is an architectural trend representative to the religious buildings of the region of the 1st half of the seventeenth century. It is strongly inspired by the Italian architecture, but similar in style to other contemporary trends in the art of Central Europe. You will admire the richly decorated Renaissance houses.
An excellent example of Lublin Renaissance is the city of Zamość. Thanks to a unique architecture of its Old Town, it is called “The City of Arcades”, “The Pearl of the Renaissance”, “The Padua of the North”.
Kazimierz Dolny is a city on the Vistula River, in the Małopolska (Little Poland) turn of the Vistula. It is one of the most beautiful cities in Poland.
Urban qualities of the city are the result of the harmonious insertion of the architecture into the varied natural landscape. The unique atmosphere of the town makes thousands of tourists visit Kazimierz each year, among them many artists – painters, sculptors, musicians.
Multiculturalism of Lublin region fully reveals itself in the architecture of temples of various religions. Here you can find richly decorated baroque Catholic churches, as well as the raw architecture of wooden Orthodox churches, among them a few still preserved brick made Jewish synagogues and Protestant churches.
Manor is a rural residential house in the old time Polish nobility. Today the world of mansions and palaces is already the past. In Lublin region there are still a few of them. In one such manor house, in Wola Okrzejska (Fig. 1), in 1846 the famous Polish writer Henryk Sienkiewicz, author of "Quo Vadis?”, was born.
Kozłówka Palace is one of the most beautiful aristocratic residences in Poland.
The interiors of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century are preserved in excellent condition. Their level of authenticity is unparalleled in Poland and extremely rare in Europe.
Folk culture, the culture of the lower strata of national societies, has existed since the Middle Ages until today. In Lublin region it becomes beautiful in diverse forms. During Easter there are ornately painted Easter eggs, called “pisanki”. In a beautiful way the popular culture is manifested on the occasion of celebrations of the Completion of Harvest Festival “Dożynki”.
Lublin Province is a region with a low degree of industrialization and low level of air pollution. Much of the area is a zone of agriculture or forestry. Lublin region occupies a very important place on the map of the European Ecological Network NATURA-2000. As much as 17% of the region’s area has the nature protective function.
A special feature of the landscape of Lublin Region are its rivers, from the majestic Vistula to small streams. Rivers flow among fields, meadows, forests and hills.Unregulated, variable in its currents, capricious - they are extraordinary asset of the region’s landscape.
The three biggest rivers of Lublin Region: Wieprz, Bug and Vistula, are flowing in natural channels, creating a very picturesque scenery. Group kayaking is often practiced on them, and in summer they become attractive resorts.
Another unique richness of Lublin region are forests. They cover the area of 580 thousand ha, which constitutes 23% of the entire region. In the forests one can pick different sorts of mushrooms and berries.
Lublin region is one of the most green and ecologically clean regions of Europe. Here we care about the protection in a permanent way and in various forms.There are numerous educational and ecological paths in the woods and environmental education classes at schools.
| Lublin region is the land of hospitable and friendly people. Here, people live for centuries in harmony with the beautiful nature. Most of the inhabitants live in rural areas or in small towns.
| Population deals mainly with agriculture, which is traditional, individual family farms are most common, usually small (an average of 6 -7 hectars). The landscape is dominated with rural elements. The roads are very picturesque and you can also find here a lot of loess gorges.
| In the countryside, the individual houses dominate. In small towns there are again more individual houses, but also quite a lot of multi-storey houses.You can see a harmonious combination of historic buildings and modern constructions.
| Cities and towns are not overcrowded. There are lots of green parks there, which makes them good place not only for housing but also for relaxation. Each town has its own individual character.
| The real pride of Lublin Region are numerous ponds and small lakes. For the most part they were created artificially, but they have blended into the surrounding nature, thus creating many picturesque images.
| Ponds and lakes are full of fish, so a favorite pastime of a large part of the population is fishing. It combines relaxation with culinary taste for fish.Vast natural areas also favor breeding of horses, for sport, tourism, recreation and amusement.
| Region of Lublin is an area attractive for tourists who like active recreation, who are encouraged by more than one thousand kilometers of marked hiking, biking, horse riding and numerous other nature trails in national parks and landscape.
| Individual and collective tourism, including the so-called cultural tourism, is one of the fastest growing areas of the services business. In this context hunting is also worth mentioning, because forests here are full of game animals.
Preparing the so-called wild mead (i.e. game [or: hunted] meat) is considered the highest initiation into the culinary arts.
| Recently, there is a fashion for restoration of old mansions. Completely restored, while maintaining historic architecture they become modern residences, hotels or restaurants. Virtually every city and town has a large park. In the photos above (fig. 3 and 4) one can see Botanic Garden in Lublin. In this beautiful surroundings, the newly married couples are happy to take pictures.
An important sector of the economy is mining, which develops on the basis of the available resources. The rich coal resources in Lublin Coal Basin (estimated at more than 20% of domestic resources) are the basis for the development of the mining industry in the region, which is now already responsible for about 8% of domestic production. The symbol of Lublin agriculture is the intensively developing Lublin Agricultural Exchange. The great advantage of Lublin Region is its location at the intersection of routes from western to eastern Europe and then to Asia and also from north to south Europe.
The advantage of Lublin province is its enormous intellectual potential, which consists of young, well-educated staff. At 19 university of the region, there are 105 000 students, out of which 80 000 are in the capital of the region, Lublin city. of the population are people under the age of 35 years.
| The region's economy for centuries has been based on agriculture and food production. Lublin region is the national leader in production and processing of healthy, certified foods.
Agricultural production is very diverse. On clean soils develops plant and animal production.
Lublin is a tycoon of fruit crops (nearly 20% orchards in Poland), especially soft fruit: raspberries, blackcurrants, strawberries, cherries grow here well.
An important direction of development is the rural tourism, reaching higher and higher level; which offers spending time in tourist farms, with the possibility of gaining knowledge of natural environment, local customs and traditions, and delicious regional cuisine. the basis of honey, herbs and other natural products, traditional medicines, regional teas, alcoholic beverages and new cosmetics are produced.
Lublin region plays the leading role in Poland in the production of hops, sugar, tobacco and grains. That’s why food processing is the basic branch of the industry.Dairy products and cereals (kashas, noodles) from Lublin region are exported to dozens of countries around the world, including Asia and the Middle East. Arabian horses, elevated in Lublin studs, achieve the highest prices in the world markets.
Lublin region is renowned for the excellent quality of its culinary products. On the List of Traditional Products of Poland, 120 come from Lublin region. Among them we can find sausages, various dumplings, bakery, special alcohols (meads, tinctures, liqueurs, beers) and the like.A very important and rapidly growing sector of economy is the widely understood health business. In addition to the already existing health resorts, like Nałęczów (fig. 3), new ones are planned. Clean forests, water and air favour their opening.